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Food and Nutrition Security Enhancement Project (FANSEP)

$22.7 million to enhance the food and nutrition security of poor and vulnerable households by improving agriculture productivity and increasing resilience of farming households.
Photo: Kimberly Parent/GAFSP


Nepal’s economy is highly dependent on agriculture, which accounts for about one-third of GDP and employs two-thirds of the population. It is a major source of livelihood for approximately 75% of Nepalis, particularly in rural areas where there are large numbers of marginalized and disadvantaged people, and   where poverty, food insecurity, and malnutrition have the highest instances. In the selected 14 project districts, it is estimated that 40-60% of the population is unable to meet the minimum daily caloric intake. The sector is characterized by smallholder, traditional and substance farming, however farmers typically have limited use of improved livestock, seeds, crop varieties or modern practices, poor irrigation systems, and high instances to pest and disease, high risk of natural disasters like flood and draught.


The Food and Nutrition Enhancement Security Program (FANSEP) enhances climate resilience and improves agricultural productivity and nutrition practices in targeted smallholder farming communities in selected areas of Nepal. The project targets the following districts: for the (mid-) hills - Dhading, Gorkha, Dolakha, and Sindhupalchok, and for the terai - Saptari, Siraha, Mahottari, and Dhanusha. The project primarily targets vulnerable (earthquake affected, acute food insecure, disadvantaged, marginalized, and women headed) households and aims to reach approximately 65,000 direct beneficiaries, of which at least 65 percent are expected to be women.

The project introduces and promotes climate-smart and nutrition-sensitive agricultural practices by availing households of adapted technologies, by providing better performing plant and animal genetic resources, and by building the capacity of farmers to master skills for improved agronomic and animal husbandry practices. Target crops are rice, wheat, maize, finger millet, and potato as well as highly nutritious crops such as buckwheat, pulses, beans, and vegetables. Target livestock species include poultry, goats, and cows. The project also organizes and strengthens producer groups representing the targeted smallholder farmers by organizing them around commodities of common interest and enhancing their capacities in terms of good governance and leadership skills, group dynamics, decision making, problem solving and risk management, bookkeeping, meeting organization, agricultural seasonal planning, marketing, value addition, preparation of simple business plans, and simple monitoring and evaluation.

Finally, building on the experience gained from the AFSP and the World Bank-supported Social Safety Nets-Poverty Alleviation Fund (SSNP-PAF) pilot on nutrition interventions, the project works directly with communities including female health community volunteers using a community-driven, skill-based learning approach known as the Nutrition Field School to remove barriers to improved dietary and care practices by supporting a package of inputs and services complemented by a behavioral change campaign for improved utilization of foods and hygiene and sanitation practices while increasing access to public health services.

Project Status



  • Nepal



Focus area

  • Gender
  • Nutrition

Supervising entity

  • World Bank


No results are yet available because the project is still in its early stage of implementation. Overall, the project aims to reach approximately 65,000 direct beneficiaries, of whom at least 65 percent are expected to be women.