In Uganda, subsistence farming by smallholders currently accounts for 96% of all farm production, a quarter of total GDP, employs over two-third of workers, and earns over 40% of household income. The primary focus of Ugandan agricultural policy has been on increasing productivity and commercialization of staple foods and cash crops to raise the income of farmers. At the same time, stunting affects one in three children (over 2.1 million children) in Uganda— higher than its immediate neighbors, some of whom have lower per capita income. Undernutrition disproportionately affects rural areas, where rates of stunting are over 36% compared to 19% in urban areas. When malnutrition strikes children in the first 1,000 days of their lives, it stunts their bodies and minds, impairing human development potential and ultimately, their ability to contribute to the economic growth of their countries in adulthood. The annual costs associated with child undernutrition are estimated at 5.6% of GDP.
The UMFSNP aims to increase the production and consumption of micronutrient-rich foods including African indigenous vegetables, high iron beans, and orange-flesh sweet potatoes, and the use of community-based nutrition services in smallholder households in project areas. The focus is on promoting short-term changes in high-impact nutrition behaviors and practices that are known to contribute to medium- and long-term reduction of stunted growth in young children. It will distribute start-up materials to increase household production of nutritious foods, while implementing targeted nutrition and health education through schools and community-based agriculture extension and health services. It will also support community-led school demonstration gardens, education of women’s groups, and scaling-up of micronutrient supplementation.
Supervising entityWorld Bank
512,000 people – 15% females – have benefited from the project as of December 2017. The project is expected to reach 1,140,000 people, 28% of whom are women. It targets smallholder households around participating public primary schools in selected districts.
60,000 people are receiving improved nutritional services, including deworming, cookery demonstrations, handwashing information, antenatal services, health talks on a variety of nutrition topics, and growth monitoring promotion. The project has recruited around 100 community facilitators from the pilot districts to promote community-based nutrition services in smallholder households.
Mr. Zia Hyder
Senior Nutrition Specialist & Task Team Leader
Based in Washington, D.C.
Mr. Nushrat Sharmin
Official Project Documents:
- GAFSP Proposal
- Cover Letter
- Endorsements from the Country and the Supervising Entity
- CAADP Compact
- Agriculture and Food Strategy and Investment Plan (supporting document: Nutrition Action Plan)
- Technical Peer Review Document