In Uganda, subsistence farming by smallholders currently accounts for 96% of all farm production, a quarter of total GDP, employs over two-third of workers, and earns over 40% of household income. The primary focus of Ugandan agricultural policy has been on increasing productivity and commercialization of staple foods and cash crops to raise the income of farmers. At the same time, stunting affects one in three children (over 2.1 million children) in Uganda— higher than its immediate neighbors, some of whom have lower per capita income. Undernutrition disproportionately affects rural areas, where rates of stunting are over 36% compared to 19% in urban areas. When malnutrition strikes children in the first 1,000 days of their lives, it stunts their bodies and minds, impairing human development potential and ultimately, their ability to contribute to the economic growth of their countries in adulthood. The annual costs associated with child undernutrition are estimated at 5.6% of GDP.
Uganda’s Multisectoral Food Security and Nutrition Project (UMFSNP) increases the production and consumption of micronutrient rich foods, including African indigenous vegetables, high-iron beans, and orange-flesh sweet potatoes as well as increase the use of community-based nutrition services in smallholder households in project areas. The focus is on promoting short-term changes in high-impact nutrition behaviors and practices that are known to contribute to the medium- and long-term reduction of stunted growth in young children. UMFSNP distributes start-up materials to increase household production of nutritious foods while implementing targeted nutrition and health education through schools and community-based agriculture extension and health services. The project also supports community-led school demonstration gardens, the education of women’s groups, and the scaling up of micronutrient supplementation.
- World Bank
To date, the project has benefitted 1,281,543 people, of whom 574,157 (44.8 percent) are women. UMFSNP has facilitated improved nutrition services for 574,157 people; a 6.5 percent increase in production of fortified foods, including complementary foods and special nutritional products; and 38,182 farmers and 5,962 additional hectares adopting new project-promoted technologies being promoted by the project. The project also has provided deworming tablets to around 1,595,975 school children, adolescent girls, and pregnant and lactating women.
Senior Nutrition Specialist & Task Team Leader
Based in Washington, D.C.
Official Project Documents:
- GAFSP Proposal
- Cover Letter
- Endorsements from the Country and the Supervising Entity
- CAADP Compact
- Agriculture and Food Strategy and Investment Plan (supporting document: Nutrition Action Plan)
- Technical Peer Review Document