Subsistence farming by Uganda’s smallholders currently accounts for 96% of all farm production and a quarter of total GDP. The sector employs more than two-thirds of workers, contributing to 40% of household income. At the same time, stunting affects one in three children—more than 2.1 million children across the country, higher than its immediate neighbors—some of whom have lower per capita income. Undernutrition disproportionately affects rural areas, where stunting rates top 36%, compared to 19% in urban areas, and annual costs associated with child undernutrition are estimated at 5.6% of GDP. Meanwhile, Ugandan agricultural policy has focused primarily on increasing productivity and commercialization of staple foods and cash crops to raise farmer incomes.
UMFSNP increases the production and consumption of micronutrient rich foods, including African indigenous vegetables, high-iron beans, and orange-fleshed sweet potatoes, while increasing the use of community-based nutrition services in smallholder households in project areas. The focus is on promoting short-term changes in high-impact nutrition behaviors and practices that are known to contribute to the medium- and long-term reduction of stunted growth in young children. Activities include distributing start-up materials to increase household production of nutritious foods while improving nutrition and health education through schools and community-based agriculture extension and health services. Services include routinely distributing nutrition commodities, such as iron-folic acid supplements or anthropometric measurement scales, to communities in 15 project districts. The project also supports community-led school demonstration gardens, education for women’s groups, and scaling up of micronutrient supplementation.
- World Bank
As of December 2021, UMFSNP has benefitted 1,416,159, surpassing the end of project target of 1,140,000, which includes 643,640 women and 317,232 children under two years of age. Because of the project, 115,630 farmers and 22,383 additional hectares have adopted new technologies and 979,059 people have received improved nutrition services and products. The production of fortified foods, including complementary foods and special nutritional products, has increased by 32.8%.
UMFSNP has made progress in delivering multi-sectoral nutrition services at primary schools and communities, especially through key community actors like lead farmers, village health teams, lead mothers, and parent groups. Training for parent groups and students have helped them maintain school demonstration gardens through nutrition education sessions. The project also has strengthened capacity to deliver nutrition interventions, conducting massive capacity development and community refresher training on specific aspects of nutrition for 18,884 key community participants, including Village Health Teams, lead farmers, and lead mothers, to avoid the vacuum effects of transfers and promotion of staff.
Mr. Joseph Oryokot
Mr. Rogers Ayiko
Mr. Ziauddin Hyder
Ms. Sarah A. Simons
Official Project Documents:
- Impact Evaluation of Uganda Multisectoral Food Security and Nutrition Project (2022)
- World Bank Project Appraisal Document (2014)
Additional Financing Documents:
- GAFSP Proposal
- Cover Letter
- Endorsements from the Country and the Supervising Entity
- CAADP Compact
- Agriculture and Food Strategy and Investment Plan (supporting document: Nutrition Action Plan)
- Technical Peer Review Document