After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Kyrgyz Republic was an early adopter of land reform and currently its agriculture sector is driven by small-scale irrigated agriculture and pasture-based livestock production. Two-thirds of the rural population are employed in the sector, with the average farm size less than one hectare and small-scale farmers owning most livestock. The majority of these rural households are dependent on crop and livestock sales for their livelihoods, however household food insecurity is high and fluctuates both seasonally and regionally – particularly among children and women. Most food insecure households rely on a single income, have small household plot sizes and limited livestock. Adverse climatic conditions means irrigated agriculture has a major influence on production, rural household incomes, and consequently on food security in the country.
APNIP increases agricultural productivity and food security among rural households in select areas by rehabilitating irrigation and drainage infrastructure, improving irrigation service delivery at farm level, enabling water users’ associations (WUAs) and farmers to improve water management, providing agricultural advisory services and training for improved irrigated crop production and marketing and on-farm water management, and scaling up key nutrition interventions, including community-level nutrition awareness programs and improved domestic gardening to increase dietary diversity. More than one-half of the targeted farm households irrigate less than one hectare of land, and 20 percent are female-headed households.
- Kyrgyz Republic
- Climate Change
- World Bank
As of December 2020, the project has reached 391,978 people, of which 190,912 were women. The end of project target has been revised upwards to 1,007,880 (508,546 of which are women). APNIP has also provided 85,164 client days of training to scientists, extension agents, agro-dealers, farmers, and community members—60,352 specifically to women—to raise agricultural productivity; 10,076 hectares with improved/rehabilitated irrigation and drainage services; and 5,730 water users with new or improved/rehabilitated irrigation and drainage services. Further, the project has established all 65 planned demonstration sites on farmers’ fields to demonstrate water-saving technologies, including 32 for surface irrigation, 33 for drip irrigation (gardens 1 hectare, vegetables 0.2 hectares), and has provided 16,505 client days of training (3,800 to women) through the demo plots.
APNIP has rehabilitated six off-farm irrigation that serve 60 WUAs and 61,000 hectares, with a total value of US$0.65 million, and five on-farm irrigation schemes serving 4,544 WUA members and 10,076 hectares, with a total value of US$3.17 million. Overall, the total number of signed and ongoing rehabilitation contracts for on-farm schemes is 19; two schemes that will benefit an additional 2,252 water users on 7,519 hectares are nearing completion (93 percent).
Activities aimed at improving the quality of household nutrition are progressing in 58 Aiyl Aimaks; plans to cover all target Aiyl Aimaks were interrupted by COVID-19. Pre-COVID, the projects held offline trainings with visits to pilot villages on the theme of exclusive breastfeeding for infants under age six months and supplemental feeding for infants ages 6–24 months. Once the COVID-19 restrictions were imposed, the project held an online training of trainers (the Jitsi Meet platform) for4,500 field coordinators and activists on social mobilization and mappings, anemia prevention, handwashing and clean toilets, exclusive breastfeeding for infants under age six months and supplemental feeding for infants ages 6–24 months, diverse foods, and nutrition for mothers for the first 1,000 days. Lastly, to improve the quality of food at the household level through home gardening, APNIP has mobilized self-help groups (SHGs). The project also provided 2,097 people in 2020 with vegetable seeds for growing in their backyards on small land plots to improve their nutritional statuses and incomes.
Official Project Document:
- First GAFSP Proposal (May 2012)
- Second GAFSP Proposal (June 2013)
- Cover Letter with Endorsements (additional letters of support: Development Partners 1, Development Partners 2, NGO in English, and NGO in Russian)
- Agriculture and Food Strategy (additional documents: Annex 1, Annex 2, and Annex 3 and background material: National Medium Term Development Program, MTDP Annex 1, and MTDP Annex 2)
- Sector Investment Plan: Country Investment Plan (background documents: CIP: Annex 1 and CIP: Annex 2)
- Technical Peer Review Document (Review 1 and Review 2)