After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Kyrgyz Republic was an early adopter of land reform and currently its agriculture sector is driven by small-scale irrigated agriculture and pasture-based livestock production. Two-thirds of the rural population are employed in the sector, with the average farm size less than one hectare and small-scale farmers owning most livestock. The majority of these rural households are dependent on crop and livestock sales for their livelihoods, however household food insecurity is high and fluctuates both seasonally and regionally – particularly among children and women. Most food insecure households rely on a single income, have small household plot sizes and limited livestock. Adverse climatic conditions means irrigated agriculture has a major influence on production, rural household incomes, and consequently on food security in the country.
The Agricultural Productivity and Nutrition Improvement Project (APNIP) increases the agricultural productivity and food security of rural households in selected areas through the rehabilitation of irrigation and drainage infrastructure, improvements to irrigation service delivery at farm level, improved water management by water users’ associations (WUAs) and farmers, the provision of agricultural advisory services and training, and the scaling up of key nutrition interventions. Around 60,000 hectares of on-farm irrigation and drainage systems managed by 30 WUAs will be rehabilitated and managed more efficiently. This represents about 36,000 smallholder farm families or approximately 162,000 people benefiting directly from irrigation and drainage rehabilitation. More than one-half of these farm households irrigate less than one hectare of land, and 20 percent are female-headed households. Agricultural advisory services for improved irrigated crop production and marketing and improved on-farm water management will cover around 50,400 members of WUAs and their households. Nutrition interventions—including community-level nutrition awareness programs and improved domestic gardening to increase dietary diversification—will benefit up to 425,000 people, specifically vulnerable families, women, and children.
- Climate Change
Supervising entityWorld Bank
To date, 21,352 poor people have been reached of which 40 percent are women. The project is now in the process of selection, design, procure-ment, and construction of the first batch of 18 out of 30 WUAs. The WUAs are developing and implement-ing Agricultural Development Plans. So far, five plans have been developed and approved. Demonstration plots are ongoing including pilot projects on pressur-ized and micro-irrigation. Under the nutrition compo-nent, service providers have been mobilized to provide services for the training of health workers and for nutrition awareness promotion, and the project is coordinating with UNICEF for the procurement of micronutrient supplements. For the household gardening component, a detailed review of possible interventions has been done, seeds have been purchased, distributed, and equipment for advanced production and processing is being procured.
Official Project Document:
- First GAFSP Proposal (May 2012)
- Second GAFSP Proposal (June 2013)
- Cover Letter with Endorsements (additional letters of support: Development Partners 1, Development Partners 2, NGO in English, and NGO in Russian)
- Agriculture and Food Strategy (additional documents: Annex 1, Annex 2, and Annex 3 and background material: National Medium Term Development Program, MTDP Annex 1, and MTDP Annex 2)
- Sector Investment Plan: Country Investment Plan (background documents: CIP: Annex 1 and CIP: Annex 2)
- Technical Peer Review Document (Review 1 and Review 2)