Skip to main content

Blending Happiness with Hazelnuts in Bhutan

Mountain Hazelnuts


In Bhutan, the land of Gross National Happiness, agriculture is the main source of livelihood for more than half the population but accounts for less than one-fifth of GDP. Along the vertiginous Himalayan slopes of this land-locked country, over 90% of Bhutan’s poor live in rural areas, where they lack accessible, good-quality land and other resources. Opportunities to produce food along these mountain top farms and narrow valleys are limited, with little potential to expand irrigation facilities. In addition, external inputs like fertilizers are inadequate, while farm technology is at a low level. An underdeveloped private sector and high youth unemployment rate further impacts poverty levels. 


This project represents GAFSP’s first agribusiness investment in Bhutan, a small kingdom in the Himalayas. The project supports the
expansion of Mountain Hazelnuts, a semi-greenfield smallholder-based company, to take advantage of the growing demand for hazelnuts from European confectionary and snack producers in Asia. With GAFSP support, Mountain Hazelnuts will provide
hazelnut tree plantlets, inputs, and support to local farmers free of charge. The trees will be planted on fallow land that otherwise has no commercial use for the farmers. Once the trees produce hazelnuts, the company will purchase the crop from the farmers at a
guaranteed minimum price and market the hazelnuts to international buyers. This project will be carried out in conjunction with the Asian Development Bank (ADB). IFC and ADB will each invest US$3 million of equity in Mountain Hazelnuts, which will then be
matched by a US$6 million investment by the Private Sector Window of GASFP.





Focus area

  • Climate Change
  • Gender
  • Inclusive Business

Supervising entity

  • IFC

Our Impact

Impact Story

Blended finance in a Bhutanese nutshell

The unusual partnership between a small Bhutanese start up and a Buddhist nun is representative of a new trend in development financing known as ‘blended finance’— the mixing of public, philanthropic and private capital in emerging and frontier markets.

Learn More

Founders of Mountain Hazelnuts discuss hazelnuts, development needs in Bhutan, and the largest motorcycle gang in the Himalayas

Read now
Case Study

Bhutan: Blending Happiness and Hazelnuts with Finance

June 2016

read now


The project is expected to reach 15,000 farmer households, most located in Bhutan’s poorer eastern regions. Farmers will grow hazelnuts to generate income on degraded, unused land, which would otherwise be left barren. Farmers cannot replace existing crops with hazelnuts, which makes the income derived from hazelnuts entirely incremental. These additional earnings from hazelnuts sales are projected to eventually double the household income of a large portion of participating farmers. Including all
farmer household dependents, this translates into a project impact of approximately 15 percent of Bhutan’s population. 


Mr. Niraj Shah

Head, GAFSP Private Sector Window

Washington, DC 

Tel: 202 473 3743

Work with Us

The Global Agriculture & Food Security Program (GAFSP) is dedicated to fighting hunger, malnutrition, and poverty in low-income countries by supporting resilient and sustainable agricultural systems that benefit and empower poor and vulnerable smallholder farmers. Since its inception in 2010, GAFSP has received contributions totaling $1.7 billion from Australia, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, South Korea, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States, with funds going to countries that have strategic, innovative, and credible plans already in place to improve agricultural productivity and food security.

Learn More