Skip to main content

Caribbean Coast Food Security Project (PAIPSAN)

$33.9 million to focus on small producers, indigenous, afro-descendants and mestizo communities, and value chains with growth potential in the impoverished Caribbean coast region of Nicaragua.


In Nicaragua, the agriculture sector is the single largest employer with more than 30% of the labor force, the main source of livelihood for close to 80% of rural households, and the majority of staple foods consumed are derived from small- and medium-scale farmers. The Caribbean coast is the country’s main agricultural frontier, accounting for 43% of the national territory, 23% of the agricultural area, nearly three quarters of the forest area, 70% of fishery production, and 35% of the cattle. However, agricultural growth is limited by post-harvest losses, weak agribusiness development services, lack of rural infrastructure, and climate change vulnerability.


The Caribbean Coast Food Security Project (PAIPSAN) enhances food security and nutrition in select communities of the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua. Project stakeholders include small- and medium-scale landholders, rural laborers, producers’ organizations, and fisher communities, including women and young people, with limited or no assets or equipment. PAIPSAN is aligned with the Sector-wide Rural Development Program, which focuses on poor smallholders as active participants in their own sustainable human development to achieve food security and foster agricultural exports. The project promotes increased agricultural productivity and environmental sustainability through participatorily designed Innovation Development Plans (IDPs) for formal and informal groups of beneficiaries such as cooperatives and producers’ associations to achieve improvements and innovations in production and to consolidate market opportunities. Activities include agricultural technology trainings and technical assistance for organized producers along with promotion of income-producing employment activities such as the creation of family–community microenterprises ranging from cabinet-making and fruit production to sustainable tourism in support of women and young people. The project supports nutrition education to change behavior and raises awareness and knowledge about nutrition and the role of agriculture in improving nutrition outcomes.

Project Status






Focus area

  • Climate Change
  • Nutrition

Supervising entity

  • World Bank


To date, 68,975 people have benefited from the project, of whom 48 percent have been women. The project targets approximately 246 indigenous and mestizo ( Spanish/indigenous ethnic group) communi-ties and provides support for over 14,000 families, of which approximately 4,800 are of African descendent and indigenous communities while some 9,000 are mestizos. In total, the project expects to reach 70,000 beneficiaries, 20 percent of whom are expected to be women. Climate-resistant seeds, organic fertilizers for soil conservation, eco-friendly practices for pest and disease control, and to development of agroforestry systems have helped enhance productivity and sustainability for farmers. Promoted practices include the use of creole seeds, quintaleras plastic bags, and backpack pumps to apply products to crops and to improve sowing. So far, 58 IDPs that introduce better performing seeds and livestock varieties and that promote good practices and post-harvest techniques have been financed. Approximately 3,464 farmers, of whom 1,496 are women, have adopted technologies promoted by the project. The project also supports improved feeding and handling practices, with an emphasis on vulnerable populations, including pregnant and lactating women as well as children. Over 2,880 people, including more than 1,500 women, have received nutrition-related training. As a result, the Dietary Diversity Index (DDI) for 80 percent of women and children in targeted families has increased such that 98.84 percent (4,854) of surveyed women and children now consume foods from four or more food groups. 


Augusto Garcia
Task Team Leader & Senior Operations Officer, +505 22700000

Work with Us

The Global Agriculture & Food Security Program (GAFSP) is dedicated to fighting hunger, malnutrition, and poverty in low-income countries by supporting resilient and sustainable agricultural systems that benefit and empower poor and vulnerable smallholder farmers. Since its inception in 2010, GAFSP has received contributions totaling $1.7 billion from Australia, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, South Korea, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States, with funds going to countries that have strategic, innovative, and credible plans already in place to improve agricultural productivity and food security.

Learn More