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Caribbean Coast Food Security Project (PAIPSAN)

$33.9 million to focus on small producers, indigenous, afro-descendants and mestizo communities, and value chains with growth potential in the impoverished Caribbean coast region of Nicaragua.


In Nicaragua, the agriculture sector is the single largest employer with more than 30% of the labor force, the main source of livelihood for close to 80% of rural households, and the majority of staple foods consumed are derived from small- and medium-scale farmers. The Caribbean coast is the country’s main agricultural frontier, accounting for 43% of the national territory, 23% of the agricultural area, nearly three quarters of the forest area, 70% of fishery production, and 35% of the cattle. However, agricultural growth is limited by post-harvest losses, weak agribusiness development services, lack of rural infrastructure, and climate change vulnerability.


The Caribbean Coast Food Security Project (PAIPSAN) aims to enhance food and nutritional security in select communities of the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua. Project stakeholders include small- and medium-scale landholders, rural laborers, producer organizations, and fisher communities, including women and young people, with no or limited assets and equipment. PAIPSAN is aligned with a Sector-wide Rural Development Program, which focuses on poor smallholders as active participants in their own sustainable human development to achieve food security and foster agricultural exports. The project aims to promote increased agricultural productivity and environmental sustainability in the Nicaraguan Caribbean coast through participatorily designed Innovation Development Plans (IDPs) for formal and informal groups of beneficiaries (i.e., cooperatives, producers associations) to achieve improvements and innovations in production, and consolidate market opportunities. Activities include agricultural technology trainings and technical assistance for organized producers, along with the promotion of income-producing employment activities, such as the creation of family-community microenterprises (ranging from cabinet-making and fruit production to sustainable tourism) in support of women and young people. The project also aims to support nutrition education to change behavior and raise awareness and knowledge about nutrition and the role of agriculture in improving nutrition outcomes. 

Project Status






Focus area

  • Climate Change
  • Nutrition

Supervising entity

World Bank

57,815 people have benefited from the project, including 48% women, as of December 2017. The project targets approximately 246 indigenous and mestizo communities, providing support for 14,000 families, of which approximately 4,800 are from Afro-descendent and indigenous communities and some 9,000 are mestizos. In total, the project expects to reach 70,000 beneficiaries, 20% of whom are women.


3,731 farmers have adopted technology being promoted by the project. Climate-resistant seeds, organic fertilizers for soil conservation, eco-friendly practices for pests and disease control, and development of agro-forestry systems have helped enhance productivity and sustainability for farmers. These include using creole seeds, quintaleras plastic bags, backpack pumps to apply products to their crops, and improved sowing.


2,881 people, including more than 1,500 women, received nutrition-related training. The project supports improved feeding and handling practices, with an emphasis on vulnerable populations, including pregnant and lactating women as well as children. As of December 2016, over 4,000 beneficiary families are implementing nutrition-sensitive improvements in their agricultural production systems. Over 1,000 beneficiaries have established family-sized orchards for producing vegetables and a variety of crops with high nutrition content. 


Augusto Garcia
Task Team Leader & Senior Operations Officer, +505 22700000

Work with Us

Launched in 2010, the Global Agriculture & Food Security Program (GAFSP) represents a transformative approach to development aid that pools donor funds to make lasting improvements by supporting technically sound, country-led plans and sustainable, inclusive small- and medium-sized enterprises. The inaugural donors—Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Canada, the Republic of Korea, Spain, and the United States—were soon joined by Australia, Germany, Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. GAFSP’s donors work in partnership with recipients, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders to improve the lives of smallholder farmers and their families. Millions of poor and vulnerable people around the world will directly benefit from GAFSP’s continued commitment and support. GAFSP looks to engage other donors and stakeholders in this important initiative.

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