Agriculture is one of the main engines of economic growth in Cambodia. Rice accounts for about 90% of the cropped area and 50% of the agriculture sector output, which is mostly consumed domestically. However, nearly a quarter of the provinces face food deficits despite a paddy surplus. The agriculture sector faces constraints, including: an underdeveloped seed industry with a lack of legislation to protect the interests of seed developers to produce quality seeds; an inadequate legal system and structure governing agriculture associations and contract farming; and a high risk of climate change events affecting land use, such as floods and droughts.
The Climate Resilient Rice Commercialization Sector Development Program (Rice-SDP) supports the implementation of Government of Cambodia’s Policy on the Promotion of Paddy Production and Rice Export to improve household and national food security and to expand rice export. The project transforms the predominantly subsistence rice subsector in Cambodia into a commercially oriented
one by removing the legal and regulatory constraints that inhibit rice commercialization, by improving the productivity of paddy crops and consistency in the quality of milled rice, by enhancing rice value chain support services, and by addressing the risks associated with climate change through mitigation and adaptation. The project involves the rehabilitation of over 10,000 hectares of irrigation systems, the establishment of paddy drying and storage facilities in partnership with private rice millers and rural development banks, the renovation of a seed testing laboratory, and the introduction of weather-indexed crop insurance. Fifty thousand poor people, of which 40 percent are expected to be women, will benefit from the project.
- Climate Change
So far, 49,600 people have been reached, of whom about half are women. The project targets the provinces of Battambang, Kampong Thom, and Prey Veng, the largest rice producing regions in the country. Six irrigation subprojects have been rehabilitated, benefitting around 48 villages with 10,343 households, of which 1,519 are female-headed (creating a combined potential irrigated area of 10,373 hectares). Nine water user associations have been established, of which seven are operational. Seventy-nine Commune Agro-Ecosystem Analyses (CAEAs) have been completed and are awaiting endorsement. A total of 2,864 participants (farmers, local authorities, village elders, etc.), of which 866 (30 percent) were women, participated in the preparation of these CAEAs. The project has equipped and rehabilitated the government seed testing laboratory. To date, 18 tons of registered rice seed has been sold to ACs in the project target areas while 22 tons were sold to agricultural cooperatives and seed producer groups outside the project areas to produce certified seed for onward sale to farmers, traders, rice millers, etc. The project estimates that approximately 1,150 tons of certified rice seed has been produced and distributed for quality paddy production.
Senior Project Officer
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- Cover Letters with Endorsements
- GAFSP Proposal
- Background documents: SAW Program Design, Annexes for Program Design Document, Statement of Partnership Principles, and Investment Terms of Reference
- Sector Strategies: Food Security and Nutrition, Nutrition, Strategic Development Plan Update, Sub-National Democratic Development, Rice Production and Export, and (regional) Asean Integrated Food Security Framework
- Technical Peer Review: Independent Review and Meeting Summary