Agriculture is one of the main engines of economic growth in Cambodia. Rice accounts for about 90% of the cropped area and 50% of the agriculture sector output, which is mostly consumed domestically. However, nearly a quarter of the provinces face food deficits despite a paddy surplus. The agriculture sector faces constraints, including: an underdeveloped seed industry with a lack of legislation to protect the interests of seed developers to produce quality seeds; an inadequate legal system and structure governing agriculture associations and contract farming; and a high risk of climate change events affecting land use, such as floods and droughts.
The Climate Resilient Rice Commercialization Sector Development Program (Rice-SDP) supports the implementation of Government of Cambodia’s Policy on the Promotion of Paddy Production and Rice Export to improve household and national food security and to expand rice export. The project transforms the predominantly subsistence rice subsector in Cambodia into a commercially oriented one by removing the legal and regulatory constraints that inhibit rice commercialization, by improving the productivity of paddy crops and consistency in the quality of milled rice, by enhancing rice value chain support services, and by addressing the risks associated with climate change through mitigation and adaptation. The project involves the rehabilitation of over 10,000 hectares of irrigation systems, the establishment of paddy drying and storage facilities in partnership with private rice millers and rural development banks, the renovation of a seed testing laboratory, and the introduction of weather-indexed crop insurance. Fifty thousand poor people, of which 40 percent are expected to be women, will benefit from the project.
- Climate Change
The project aims to benefit 50,000 poor people, of whom 40 percent are expected to be women, and to rehabilitate more than 10,000 hectares of irrigation systems.
As of December 2019, the project has reached 49,520 people, incl. 51.14 percent women. Provided 80,680 farmers, community members, and other beneficiaries with 6,010 training days on extension services; and completed preparation of Commune Agro-ecosystem Analyses in all ninety target communities with participation from 2,933 community members, incl. 889 women.
As a result, 5,903 farmers and 19,614 hectares of land have adopted project-promoted technology. Rice-SDP collected, analyzed at the National Agricultural Laboratory, and entered into the database all the targeted 300 field point samples, then produced the first draft of the land use and soil classification maps for each of the three targeted provinces.
And, the project rehabilitated six irrigation sub-projects: Prey Sangha, Chhuk Ksach, Anlong Char, Chamcar Kuoy, Ta Mao, and Anlong Run, benefitting 48 villages and 10,343 households, of which 1,519 are female-headed households, creating a combined potential irrigated area of 10,373 hectares and providing 49,520 farmer beneficiaries, including 25,326 women, with access to water.
Senior Project Officer
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Additional Financing Documents:
- Cover Letters with Endorsements
- GAFSP Proposal
- Background documents: SAW Program Design, Annexes for Program Design Document, Statement of Partnership Principles, and Investment Terms of Reference
- Sector Strategies: Food Security and Nutrition, Nutrition, Strategic Development Plan Update, Sub-National Democratic Development, Rice Production and Export, and (regional) Asean Integrated Food Security Framework
- Technical Peer Review: Independent Review and Meeting Summary