Agriculture is one of the main engines of economic growth in Cambodia. Rice accounts for about 90% of the cropped area and 50% of the agriculture sector output, which is mostly consumed domestically. However, nearly a quarter of the provinces face food deficits despite a paddy surplus. The agriculture sector faces constraints, including: an underdeveloped seed industry with a lack of legislation to protect the interests of seed developers to produce quality seeds; an inadequate legal system and structure governing agriculture associations and contract farming; and a high risk of climate change events affecting land use, such as floods and droughts.
Rice-SDP supports the implementation of the Government of Cambodia’s Policy on the Promotion of Paddy Production and Rice Export to improve household and national food security and to expand rice export. The project transforms the country’s predominantly subsistence rice subsector into a commercially oriented one by removing the legal and regulatory constraints that inhibit rice commercialization, improving the productivity of paddy crops and consistency in the quality of milled rice, enhancing rice value chain support services, and addressing climate change-associated risks through mitigation and adaptation. Activities include rehabilitating irrigation systems, establishing paddy drying and storage facilities in partnership with private rice millers and rural development banks, renovating a seed testing laboratory, and introducing weather-indexed crop insurance.
- Climate Change
As of December 2020, the project has reached 49,520 people and has provided 160,634 farmers, community members, and other beneficiaries with 9,430 training days on extension services. As a result, 39,250 farmer households and 56,977 hectares of land have adopted project-promoted technology, well exceeding the end of project targets of 30,000 for both indicators. Rice-SDP also has provided farmers and other beneficiaries with 45,175 days of training on better post-harvest practices, with 2,067 people participating in monitoring and evaluation workshops, training events, and seminars and conferences, which 23 percent were women.
Additionally, 10,373 hectares of land have improved/rehabilitated irrigation and drainage services (against a target of 10,000), while 49,520 water users have been provided with new/improved/rehabilitated irrigation and drainage services. Rice-SDP rehabilitated six irrigation sub-projects (Prey Sangha, Chhuk Ksach, Anlong Char, Chamcar Kuoy, Ta Mao, and Anlong Run), benefitting 48 villages and 10,343 households, of which 1,519 are female-headed households, creating a combined potential irrigated area of 10,373 hectares and providing 49,520 farmer beneficiaries, including 25,326 women, with access to water. The implementation of 3 new irrigation sub-projects (Ta Soong, Ansong and Rumlech) benefitting around 20 villages and 4,897 households, including 805 female-headed households started in mid-December 2019 and, as of December 31, 2020, are 78–98 percent complete. The 3 sub-projects are expected to create a combined potential irrigated area of 5,960 hectares.
Senior Project Officer
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Additional Financing Documents:
- Cover Letters with Endorsements
- GAFSP Proposal
- Background documents: SAW Program Design, Annexes for Program Design Document, Statement of Partnership Principles, and Investment Terms of Reference
- Sector Strategies: Food Security and Nutrition, Nutrition, Strategic Development Plan Update, Sub-National Democratic Development, Rice Production and Export, and (regional) Asean Integrated Food Security Framework
- Technical Peer Review: Independent Review and Meeting Summary