Senegal remains one of the poorest countries in the world and is ranked 162 out of 187 countries in terms of the Human Development Index. Although contributing only about 18% of GDP, the agricultural sector employs more than 50% of the workforce. Senegal continues to rely on rain-fed agriculture with only 5% of the land irrigated. Subsistence rain-fed agriculture in a semi-arid zone is highly vulnerable to drought, soil degradation, and to the effects of climate change. Less than 2% of the cultivated areas are irrigated, despite huge potential in surface water and run-off water. The livestock sub sector is also an important component of the Senegalese economy, accounting for about 37% of agricultural GDP, and consisting of about 3,000,000 people mainly from the most vulnerable segments of the rural areas.
The Food Security Support Project in Louga, Matam, and Kaffrine (PASA Lou/Ma/ Kaf) works to improve food security as well as rural
incomes by targeting three weather hazard-prone regions, where there are nearly 2 million inhabitants and over 3 million ruminants. The project is expected to reach 390,000 poor people, 40 percent of whom are expected to be women. About 30,000 agro- pastoralists, including 13,000 women and 5,000 youth, will be directly affected by the project, which strengthens the resilience of local ecosystems to climate change. It improves the access of small-scale producers, women, and farmers’ organizations to a wide range of agricultural and livestock infrastructure such as drip irrigation through boreholes and market gardens (mini-boreholes, wells), lowland development for rice and horticultural farming developed through the establishment of impounding sills and anti-salt dams, and constructed or rehabilitated livestock boreholes equipped with drinking troughs. The project also strengthens mechanisms for extension services, supports advisory service in developed sites, creates jobs for youth, organizes producers (farmers and breeders), and processes and carries out marketing of the produce.
- Climate Change
- Inclusive Business
To date, the following outcomes have been achieved to strengthen resilience and intensify agricultural production systems: (i) controlling access to productive water (15 boreholes, 22 lowlands and 7 managed ponds); (ii) sustainable management of
natural resources (25 pastoral units); (iii) fight against bush fires (sensitization through 8 radio partners and village meetings, committees, equipment, 958 km of firewalls); (iv) sector approach support for local poultry, milk, small ruminants, rice growing, and market gardening (animal health, 15 stables, 77 poultry houses, 121 sheep pens, 2 dairies, 40 farms, 22 waterworks mobilizing water over a potential of about 3,000 ha in the lowlands, 89 units of plowing and post-harvest equipment, 5 grain storage and 7 grouping centers, 13 market gardening perimeters for women, 20 motor-mowers, ); (v) processing and marketing of products (shellers and 2 dairies); and (vi) strengthening the technical and organizational capacity of about 50,000 livestock farmers. The
project has created 1,635 jobs in harvesting, agricultural processing, labor-related services, and the processing of agricultural production (shelling, threshing, etc.). The project is expected to create 2,900 jobs in total, particularly in the Kaffrine Region where rice crops and vegetable crops are being developed. The project established 24 partnerships covering areas such as natural resource management, agricultural extension, strengthened resilience, communication, land management, food security, nutritional management of soils, and renewable energy. The project is in the last year of implementation and is focusing on adjustments to the irrigation infrastructure, on training in the use and maintenance of the infrastructure, on additional empowerment activity of women groups, on impact studies, and on the preparation of follow-on operations.
Task Team Leader
Official Project Documents:
- GAFSP Proposal (French)
- GAFSP Proposal
- Cover Letter with Endorsements (French)
- Agriculture and Food Security Policy (French)
- CAADP Compact (French)
- Post Compact Investment Plan (French)
- CAADP Technical Review (French)
- CAADP Business Meeting Communique (French)
- Joint Declaration (French)
- Meeting After CAADP Technical Review (French)
- NAIP Implementation Meeting (French)
- NAIP Implementation Report (French)