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Livestock and Agricultural Marketing Project (LAMP)

$12.5 million to reduce rural poverty and household food insecurity on a sustainable basis in livestock-based farming systems.
Photo: Sally Mayberry

Challenge

In Mongolia, livestock-based agriculture has been a backbone of the economy, where more than 85% of the agricultural population depends on livestock production, and the sector contributes to around 10% of all export revenues. The country, which has a population of less than 3 million, has more than 43 million livestock. However, more than half of herding families have subsistence herds of less than 100 animals. The pressure to increase animal numbers has created serious overgrazing and amplified the boom-bust cycle in livestock numbers. The sector remains vulnerable to extreme weather conditions – temperatures range as low as -45°C during the winter to as high as 45°C in the summer – especially in years when animal numbers have peaked relative to forage supplies.

Solution

The Livestock and Agricultural Marketing Project (LAMP) improved rural livelihoods and food security in selected areas through investments in enhancing productivity, market access, and diversification in livestock-based production systems. These goals were achieved by removing a set of closely linked constraints in market access including price–quality relationships and livestock production (animal health, animal breeding, genetics, and nutrition). The project also provided technical assistance to develop human and organizational capacities in animal health control, breed improvement, feeding and nutrition, value addition to livestock products
(meat, fiber, dairy), and horticulture production.

Project Status

Closed

Country

Mongolia

Funding

Public

Focus area

  • Climate Change

Supervising entity

FAO World Bank

Results

The project benefited 13,684 people, including 6,083 women, surpassing the end target to impact 12,000 people, including 3,600 women. The project was rated Satisfactory by both the World Bank and FAO at the time of project completion. At the end of
the project, there was a 73.9 percent increase in income from livestock and a nearly 9 times increase from select horticulture pilot activities. In terms of production volume, there was an increase in milk production by 33.1 percent, wool by 21.6 percent, and
cashmere by 47.8 percent. In terms of commercialization, 45.0 percent of meat, 37.0 percent of milk, 42.0 percent of wool, 52 percent of green fodder, 31 percent of hay, and 50 percent of potatoes produced were marketed through both informal and written
contracts. Finally, in terms of nutrition, there was an increase in treatment households’ per capita consumption of horse meat (47.6 percent), milk (36.6 percent), carrot (20.8 percent) and sea buckthorn (2.3 times) indicating diet diversification.

Work with Us

Launched in 2010, the Global Agriculture & Food Security Program (GAFSP) represents a transformative approach to development aid that pools donor funds to make lasting improvements by supporting technically sound, country-led plans and sustainable, inclusive small- and medium-sized enterprises. The inaugural donors—Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Canada, the Republic of Korea, Spain, and the United States—were soon joined by Australia, Germany, Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. GAFSP’s donors work in partnership with recipients, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders to improve the lives of smallholder farmers and their families. Millions of poor and vulnerable people around the world will directly benefit from GAFSP’s continued commitment and support. GAFSP looks to engage other donors and stakeholders in this important initiative.

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