In Mongolia, livestock-based agriculture has been a backbone of the economy, where more than 85% of the agricultural population depends on livestock production, and the sector contributes to around 10% of all export revenues. The country, which has a population of less than 3 million, has more than 43 million livestock. However, more than half of herding families have subsistence herds of less than 100 animals. The pressure to increase animal numbers has created serious overgrazing and amplified the boom-bust cycle in livestock numbers. The sector remains vulnerable to extreme weather conditions – temperatures range as low as -45°C during the winter to as high as 45°C in the summer – especially in years when animal numbers have peaked relative to forage supplies.
The Livestock and Agricultural Marketing Project (LAMP) improved rural livelihoods and food security in selected areas through investments in enhancing productivity, market access, and diversification in livestock-based production systems. These goals were achieved by removing a set of closely linked constraints in market access including price–quality relationships and livestock production (animal health, animal breeding, genetics, and nutrition). The project also provided technical assistance to develop human and organizational capacities in animal health control, breed improvement, feeding and nutrition, value addition to livestock products
(meat, fiber, dairy), and horticulture production.
- Climate Change
- World Bank
The project benefited 13,684 people, including 6,083 women, surpassing the end target to impact 12,000 people, including 3,600 women. The project was rated Satisfactory by both the World Bank and FAO at the time of project completion. At the end of
the project, there was a 73.9 percent increase in income from livestock and a nearly 9 times increase from select horticulture pilot activities. In terms of production volume, there was an increase in milk production by 33.1 percent, wool by 21.6 percent, and
cashmere by 47.8 percent. In terms of commercialization, 45.0 percent of meat, 37.0 percent of milk, 42.0 percent of wool, 52 percent of green fodder, 31 percent of hay, and 50 percent of potatoes produced were marketed through both informal and written
contracts. Finally, in terms of nutrition, there was an increase in treatment households’ per capita consumption of horse meat (47.6 percent), milk (36.6 percent), carrot (20.8 percent) and sea buckthorn (2.3 times) indicating diet diversification.
Official Project Documents:
- World Bank Project Appraisal Document (2013)
- World Bank Implementation Completion and Results Report (2018)
- IEG Implementation Completion Report Review
- FAO Project Document (2012)
- FAO Completion Report (2014)
- Cover Letters with endorsement from: the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Agriculture, and the Donor Working Group
- GAFSP Proposal with Key Agriculture Investments and Budget
- Sector Strategies and Investment Plans: National Food Security Programme and National Livestock Programme
- Technical Peer Review: Brief Agriculture Plan and Country Investment Plan Validation