In the Mid- and Far- West regions of Nepal, 37% of people are below the poverty line compared to the national average of 25.16%, yields of major crops are typically 25% below the national average, and consumption of animal products, such as meat and eggs, is among the lowest in the world. Chronic maternal and child malnutrition is a serious problem, with malnutrition and stunting affecting about half of the nation’s children. The prevalence of hunger is also the highest in the South Asia region – in these remote areas, food availability and access is largely dependent on local production, yet productivity is one of the lowest in the region and barely enough to meet needs. Natural disasters, often triggered by extreme weather events, significantly impact agricultural productivity and livelihoods.
The Nepal Agriculture and Food Security Project (AFSP) focuses on enhancing food and nutrition security of vulnerable communities in the Mid-Western and Far-Western regions of Nepal by increasing food availability and the productivity of crops and livestock. It provides small infrastructure support, access to locally appropriate technologies, and improved control of diseases and pests. It also supports efforts to identify new and improved technologies – crop varieties, livestock breeds, seeds/saplings, and management practices. By increasing productivity, GAFSP funding contributes to increasing food availability and household incomes.
The project also works to improve nutrition security through better feeding practices and access to nutritious food, improved dietary intake, promotion of diversified diets, and better feeding and caring practices for pregnant and nursing women and children up to two years of age. AFSP supports specific nutrition activities to promote behavior change through community-based nutrition programs, such as educational activities that cover the source and value of nutritious food, proper utilization of available foods, the importance of sanitation, and the value of appropriate feeding practices for young children, including breast feeding infants. It also supports nutrition-sensitive agricultural activities, including the generation and adaptation of technology to increase yields and production intensities of nutritious crops and fish for farmers.
Additional financing to will support the Food and Nutrition Security through Sustainable Agriculture (FANSA) project to enhance the food and nutrition security of poor and vulnerable households by improving agriculture productivity and increasing resilience of farming households.
Supervising entityWorld Bank
113,138 poor people have benefited, surpassing the end target of reaching 112,000 people. Approximately 104,000 women have benefited from the project, Surpassing the end target of impacting around 70,000 women.
100% of women were supported under nutrition interventions. The project has organized a series of activities to promote an increase in the production and consumption of vitamin and mineral-rich vegetables and animal protein, especially targeting pregnant and nursing women.
67,882 farmers have adopted technologies being promoted by the project. A number of activities have been implemented including the development of 20 improved crop management technologies for maize (resulting in an increase in production by 36%), paddy (26% increase), potato (36% increase) and wheat (31% increase). Approximately 15 crop varieties were developed to increase productivity, of which four were drought-tolerant and two cold-tolerant varieties of paddy.
Official Project Documents:
- World Bank Project Appraisal Document (2013)
- World Bank Implementation Completion and Results Report (2018)
- GAFSP Proposal and Cover Letter with Endorsements
- Sector Strategy: Agriculture and Food Security Strategy and Geographic Distribution of Food Insecurity Sector Investment Plan
- Validation Workshop: Endorsements, Participant List Biratnagar, Participant List Butwal, Participant List Kathmandu, and Participant List Nepaljung