In Tajikistan, the agriculture sector contributes to around 29% of GDP and 43% of the labor force. But with 77% of Tajikistan’s poor exposed to high risks such as droughts, floods, landslides, and border disputes, the sector is considered one of the most vulnerable. Tajikistan’s agricultural resource base is characterized by limited arable land, substantial areas of permanent pasture, and a heavy reliance on irrigation for crop production. Of the 4.1 million ha of agricultural land, only 830,000 ha are arable. Around 85% is irrigated, but only around 70% of this irrigated land is currently in use. This is due to the deterioration of irrigation and drainage infrastructure, water logging, and salinization. Many pump stations no longer work, primary drainage channels and irrigation canals have silted up due to lack of public funds for cleaning, and there is no regular maintenance of secondary and tertiary canals.
The Public Employment for Sustainable Agriculture and Water Resources Management II (PAMP II) project is part of a comprehensive reform program, initiated by the Government of Tajikistan, to create an efficient and sustainable water resource management system and to provide better irrigation services to the country’s farmers. Through infrastructure and institutional support, the project provides employment opportunities to food insecure people through the rehabilitation of irrigation and drainage infrastructure, increased crop production through improved irrigation, and improved food availability and food access for low-income people in poor rural areas.
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Supervising entityWorld Bank
To date, the project has contributed to the improvement and rehabilitation of 240,060 hectares of irrigation and drainage services. A 10 percent increase in crop yields is expected in these rehabilitated, irrigated areas. In addition, emergency flood control measures are expected to reduce the risk of flooding for approximately 400 urban households as well as agricultural land and irrigation systems supported through the project, building communities’ resilience to climate change impacts. To support institutional development for water resources, the project has supported the Government in drafting the Water Code for submission to Parliament. In addition, 130 water user associations (WUAs) have been strengthened through a series of trainings, institutional restructuring, mentoring, construction of offices, and landscaping activities provided under the project. To address flood-related restoration, the project has cleaned and leveled over 550 kilometers of collector and drainage channels, rehabilitated nearly 170 kilometers of irrigation canals, installed over 1,400 water outlet gates and measurement devices, and rehabilitated flood channels and emergency embankments. The project also successfully completed rehabilitation and renovation of 11 pumping stations in Jomi, Panj, Jilikul (Dusti), and Yovon districts. By the end of the project, the public works program will directly benefit an estimated 1,343,450 people through the provision of at least 880,000 days of temporary work. A rigorous selection procedure will ensure that these beneficiaries are drawn from the most food insecure elements of the rural population—with at least 20 percent being women. To date, approximately 28,443 beneficiaries of public works program signed labor agreements in 17 project districts, which generated 994,988 person-days of employment and cleaned 7,969 kilometers of canals manually. To date, over 1.4 million people have benefited, of whom 48 percent are women, surpassing the goal to reach 1,343,450 people, including 20 percent women.
Senior Rural Development Specialist & Task Team Leader
email@example.com, (992-372) 21-07-56 ext. 238
Official Project Documents:
- GAFSP Proposal (Russian)
- GAFSP Proposal (English)
- Cover Letters: Endorsement from the Minister of Finance (Russian and English translation), endorsement from the Ministry of Land Reclamation (Russian and English translation), endorsement from the Prime-Minister (Russian and English translation), and endorsement from the Donor Council (English)
- Sector Strategy: Agrarian policy (Russian and English) and Joint IDA-IMF Advisory Note: Poverty Reduction Strategy
- Sector Investment Plan (Russian and English)