Agriculture plays a dominant role in the Haitian economy, contributing about 22% of GDP, accounting for around 50% of overall employment, 66% of employment in rural areas, and 75% of employment in low income households. In rural areas, 88% of individuals live below the poverty level and more than half earn less than $1 a day. Over one million families own mainly small-scale subsistence farms, with an average farm size less than one hectare. The main agricultural crops include maize, tubers, mangoes, coffee, avocados, citrus, rice, sorghum, beans, cocoa; of which mangoes, coffee, cocoa, together with essential oils, represent the main Haitian exports. Producers typically use outdated and ineffective technologies in terms of planting materials, soil conservation or pest management techniques, and hardware is limited to hand tools – resulting in low farm income levels, land degradation, increased vulnerability of farmers to natural hazards, and also food insecurity.
The Small Farmer Agriculture Technology Transfer Project (PTTA) contributed to sustainably improving small-scale farmers' agricultural income and food security in the north and northeast department. It provided increased farmer access to improved agricultural inputs and technologies while supporting the development of a private agricultural service and input provider network. The project also helped the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Rural Development to build capacity in regulating the seed industry.
- Climate Change
164,091 people benefited from the project, including 40% of which are women.
34,913 farmers, including 13,816 women, benefited from technology vouchers in 20 communes. The crop systems targeted are rice and vegetables as well as perennial plantations (such as coffee, cocoa, and other agroforestry systems), which also yield climate change adaptation benefits.
27,930 farmers have adopted technologies being promoted, which have been adopted on 15,446 hectares.
Official Project Documents:
- IDB Grant Proposal (2011)
- IDB Implementation, Evaluation and Lessons Learned (2018)
- IDB Completion Report
- Cover Letters with endorsements from: the Government (French) and the Donor Working Group (French)
- GAFSP Proposal
- Sector Strategy: National Agriculture Policy (French) and background documents (Haiti: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and IDB Public Expenditure Managment and Financial Accountability Review (PEMFAR) (French))
- Sector Investment Plan: Agriculture Investment Plan and background document (Earthquake Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA))
- Report on Independent and Peer Review
- PTTA Impact Evaluation in Saint Raphael (2016)
- PTTA Impact Evaluation in Northeast Preliminary Results (2016)