Agriculture plays a dominant role in the Haitian economy, contributing about 22% of GDP, accounting for around 50% of overall employment, 66% of employment in rural areas, and 75% of employment in low income households. In rural areas, 88% of individuals live below the poverty level and more than half earn less than $1 a day. Over one million families own mainly small-scale subsistence farms, with an average farm size less than one hectare. The main agricultural crops include maize, tubers, mangoes, coffee, avocados, citrus, rice, sorghum, beans, cocoa; of which mangoes, coffee, cocoa, together with essential oils, represent the main Haitian exports. However, producers typically use outdated and ineffective technologies like planting materials, soil conservation or pest management techniques, and hardware is limited to hand tools – resulting in low farm income levels, land degradation, increased vulnerability of farmers to natural hazards, and also food insecurity.
PITAG is building on the accomplishments of the Small Farmer Agriculture Technology Transfer Project (PTTA) and similar programs in Haiti to increase agricultural productivity and improve the use of natural capital through the adoption of sustainable technologies. The project will strengthen agricultural research in rice, coffee and cacao, legumes, and roots and tubers. Small agricultural mechanization through a research project to improve applied and adaptive research and technology transfer capabilities in Haiti. The project also will finance applied research and training, which will create, improve, and/or adapt sustainable agricultural technologies that will enhance the supply of technological options available to farmers, as well as the adoption of profitable, climate smart, and sustainable agricultural technologies that will improve farm profitability, generate positive environmental externalities, and facilitate the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change. The latter activity is implemented through an agricultural incentives mechanism, whereby interested farmers participate in a series of fairs that match demand and supply for the various technologies. Women are strongly encouraged to apply for incentives during information and awareness-raising meetings.
- Climate Change
The project has reached 21,492 people (44 percent women), provided 10,848 hectares of land with improved production support and 21,492 smallholders with productivity enhancement support, constructed or rehabilitated 98 post-harvest facilities, and provided direct employment to 655 people (209 women). Further, technicians in the field supported 15,849 farmers, including 6,655 women, and the project provided technical assistance (TA) to 7,981 farmers, including 3,010 women, to apply technical packages in the field. As part of PITAG, the Ministry of Agriculture recruited two Service Provider Operators (OPSs) to provide incentives and TA in the different intervention zones, particularly to farmers in applying Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Rural Development-promoted technical packages.
Carmine Paolo De Salvo
Additional Financing Documents:
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