Agriculture plays a dominant role in the Haitian economy, contributing about 22% of GDP, accounting for around 50% of overall employment, 66% of employment in rural areas, and 75% of employment in low income households. In rural areas, 88% of individuals live below the poverty level and more than half earn less than $1 a day. Over one million families own mainly small-scale subsistence farms, with an average farm size less than one hectare. The main agricultural crops include maize, tubers, mangoes, coffee, avocados, citrus, rice, sorghum, beans, cocoa; of which mangoes, coffee, cocoa, together with essential oils, represent the main Haitian exports. However, producers typically use outdated and ineffective technologies like planting materials, soil conservation or pest management techniques, and hardware is limited to hand tools – resulting in low farm income levels, land degradation, increased vulnerability of farmers to natural hazards, and also food insecurity.
PITAG will build on the accomplishments of PTTA (described below) and similar programs in Haiti to increase agricultural productivity and improve the use of natural capital through the adoption of sustainable technologies. The project will strengthen agricultural research in rice, coffee and cacao; legumes, and roots and tubers; small agricultural mechanization through research project to improve applied and adaptive research and technology transfer capabilities in Haiti. The project also will finance applied research and training, which will create, improve, and/or adapt sustainable agricultural technologies that will enhance the supply of technological options available to farmers, and the adoption of profitable, climate smart, and sustainable agricultural technologies that will improve farm profitability, generate positive environmental externalities, and facilitate the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change. The latter activity is implemented through an agricultural incentives mechanism, whereby interested farmers participate in a series of fairs that match demand and supply for the various technologies.
- Climate Change
PITAG will benefit an estimated 73,000 farmers, both directly and indirectly, particularly in the South and Grande Anse Departments, which were severely affected by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. Women are expected to comprise at least 40 percent of the beneficiaries. The project is in the set-up stage of implementation. As of now, it has recruited its staff and NGO operators that will manage the voucher and subsidy scheme (see PTTA below).
Carmine Paolo De Salvo
Additional Financing Documents:
Official Project Documents: